124th New York
Volunteer
Infantry

"American Guard;
Orange Blossoms"

 

Thomas Bradley, as an enlisted man, was awarded the Medal of Honor for action at Chancellorsville. He was later commissioned and promoted to Captain. This page is dedicated to his memory.


History and Campaigns

Colonel A. Van Horne Ellis received authority, July 11, 1862, to recruit this regiment; it was organized at Goshen, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years September 5, 1862. Part of the 71st Regiment of the National Guard formed its nucleus. September 1, 1864, Mr. Charles Mooers, Clinton county, received authority to recruit a company, the Mooers Company, which later was assigned to this regiment and became part of its Company E. February 28, 1865, a number of men of the 1st U. S. Sharpshooters were transferred to this regiment. June 2, 1865, the men not to be mustered out with the regiment were transferred to the 93d Infantry.
The companies were recruited principally: A at Newburgh, Cornwall, Chester and Goshen; B – Goshen Company – at Goshen, Warwick, Florida and Newburgh; C – Cornwall Company – at Goshen, Cornwall, Newburgh, Monroe and New Windsor; D at Warwick and Goshen; E at Goshen, Crawford, Otisville, Wallkill, Newburgh, Bullville, New Windsor, Mt. Hope and Port Jervis; F at Port Jervis and Deer Park; G at Washingtonville, Blooming Grove, New Windsor, Monroe, Newburgh, Craigsville and Chester; H at Montgomery, Walden and Goshen; I at Newburgh and Windsor, and K at Wallkill, Middletown and Newburgh.
The regiment left the State September 6, 1862; it served in Piatt's Brigade, Whipple's Division, from September, 1862; in 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 3d Corps, from October,1862; in 2d Brigade, 1st Division, 3d Corps, from June, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 2d Corps, from March, 1864; and it was honorably discharged and mustered out, under Col. Charles H. Weygant, June 3, 1865, near Washington, D.C.
During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 9 officers, 93 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 45 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 94 enlisted men; total, 12 officers, 232 enlisted men; aggregate, 244; of whom 11 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; and it took part in the following engagements, etc.;

Total losses--9 officers and 93 enlisted men killed; 2 officers and 45 enlisted men mortally wounded; 23 officers and 365 enlisted men wounded but recovered; 1 officer and 29 enlisted men missing.
Aggregate--567.

Source: The above paragraphs on history and campaigns were copied from pages 3464-3465 of New York in the War of the Rebellion. Third Edition. Volume IV. Compiled by Frederick Phisterer. J.B. Lyon Company, State Printers, 1912. (The list of battles and of casualties, which appeared as a table in the original, has been paraphrased in its presentation here.)


Officers of the Regiment

Co1one1s.

AUGUSTUS VAN HORNE ELLIS, from September 5, 1862, to July 2, 1863.
FRANCIS M. CUMMINS, from February 11 to September 19, 1864.

Lieutenant-Colonels.

FRANCIS M. CUMMINS, from August 16, 1862, to February 11, 1864.
CHARLES H. WEYGANT, from February 11, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

Majors.

JAMES CROMWELL, from August 20, 1862, to July 2, 1863.
CHARLES H. WEYGANT, from September 16, 1863, to February 11, 1864.
HENRY S. MURRAY, from September 20, 1864, to March 30, 1865.

Adjutants.

WILLIAM SILLIMAN, from July 16 to August 20, 1862.
GEORGE DEPEYSTER ARDEN, from September 5, 1862, to January 14, 1863.
WILLIAM BROWNSON, from December 31, 1862, to September 17, 1863.
WILLIAM B. VAN HOUTEN, from September 17, 1863, to January 23, 1865.
JOHN SMITH KING, from February 4 to October 28, 1865.

Quartermasters.

AUGUSTUS DENNISTON, from July 15, 1862, to January 14, 1863.
HENRY F. TRAVIS, from January 15 to September 3, 1863.
ELLIS POST, from September 9, 1863, to June 3, 1865.

Surgeons.

JOHN H. THOMPSON, from September 5, 1862, to November 25, 1864.
ROBERT V. K. MONTFORT, from March 27 to June 3, 1865.

Assistant Surgeons.

EDWARD G. MARSHALL, from September 5, 1862, to August 7, 1863.
ROBERT V. K. MONTFORT, from September 5, 1862, to March 27, 1865.
EDWARD C. FOX, from April 14 to June 3, 1865.

Chaplain.

THOMAS SCOTT BRADNER, from September 5, 1862, to June 3, 1865.

Of Company A.

Captains:
CHARLES H. WEYGANT, from September 5, 1862, to September 16, 1863.
CHARLES B. WOOD, from July 3, 1863, to September 21, 1864.
THOMAS TAFT, from September 22, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
CHARLES B. WOOD, from August 12, 1862, to July 3, 1863.
JOHN C. WOOD, from August 1, 1864, to January 1, 1865.
THOMAS HART, from January 1 to June 3, 1865.

Second Lieutenants:
CHARLES T. CRESSY, from September 5, 1862, to July 14, 1864.
JONATHAN D. BIRDSALL, from August 17 to October 22, 1864.
THOMAS HART, from November 15, 1864, to February 26, 1865.

Of Company B.

Captains:
HENRY S. MURRAY, from September 5, 1862, to September 20, 1864.
THOMAS W. BRADLEY, from November 16, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
WINES E. WEYGANT, from September 5, 1862, to February 9, 1863.
WILLIAM E. MAPES, from February 9, 1863, to May 31, 1864.
THOMAS W. BRADLEY, from September 1 to November 16, 1864.
DAVID U. QUICK, from January 1 to June 3, 1865.

Second Lieutenants:
WILLIAM E. MAPES, from August 14, 1862, to February 9, 1863.
GABRIEL TUTHILL, from February 9, 1863, to February 23, 1864.
DAVID U. QUICK, from November 15, 1864, to January 1, 1865.

Of Company C.

Captains:
JAMES CROMWELL, from August 15 to 20, 1862.
WILLIAM SILLIMAN, from August 20, 1862, to February 1, 1864.
JAMES FINNIGAN, from February 18 to October 28, 1864.
JAMES A. GRIER, from October 28, 1864, to February 26, 1865.
JOHN C. WOOD, from January 1 to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
WILLIAM BROWNSON, from September 5 to December 31, 1862.
HENRY P. RAMSDELL, from December 31, 1862, to October 7, 1863.
JAMES A. GRIER, from December 11, 1863, to October 28, 1864.

Second Lieutenants:
HENRY P. RAMSDELL, from August 15 to December 31, 1862.
JAMES A. GRIER, from January 15 to December 11, 1863, and from February 26 to June 15, 1865.

Of Company D.

Captain:
JAMES W. BENEDICT, from August 16, 1862, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
DANIEL SAYER, from September 5, 1862, to January 1, 1864.
JOHN W. HOUSTON, from December 12, 1863, to August 10, 1864.
EBENEZER HOLBERT, from July 15, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

Second Lieutenants:
JOHN W. HOUSTON, from August 16, 1862, to December 12, 1863.
THOMAS G. MABEE, JR., from September 27, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

Of Company E.

Captains:
WILLIAM A. McBURNEY, from September 5, 1862, to March 9, 1863.
DANIEL SAYER, from January 1, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
WILLIAM A. VERPLANK, from September 5, 1862, to September 23, 1863.
THEODORE M. ROBERSON, from September 26, 1863, to January 1, 1865.
WILLIAM H. BENJAMIN, from January 1 to June 3, 1865.

Lieutenants:
ADOLPHUS WITTENBRECHER, from September 5, 1862, to March 6, 1863.
THEODORE M. ROBERSON, from March 7 to September 26, 1863.

Of Company F.

Captains:
IRA S. BUSH, from September 5, 1862, to June 21, 1864.
EDWARD J. CARMICK, from August 10, 1864, to April 1, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
THOMAS J. QUICK, from August 20, 1862, to January 1, 1864.
EDWARD J. CARMICK, from April 18 to August 10, 1864.
ABRAM P. FRANCISCO, from January 1 to June 3, 1865.

Second Lieutenant:
SAMUEL W. HOTCHKISS, from August 20, 1862, to April 2, 1864.

Of Company G.

Captains:
ISAAC NICOLL, from September 5, 1862, to July 2, 1863.
JAMES OTIS DENNISTON, from July 3 to October 7, 1863.
HENRY P. RAMSDELL, from October 7 to December 13, 1863.
THOMAS J. QUICK, from January 1, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenant:
JAMES OTIS DENNISTON, from August 20, 1862, to July 3, 1863.

Second Lieutenants:
DAVID GIBBS, from September 5, 1862, to February 25, 1863.
WILLIAM H. BENJAMIN, from February 26, 1863, to January 1, 1865.
LOUIS T. SHULTZ, from March 1 to June 3, 1865.

Of Company H.

Captains:
DAVID CRIST, from August 23, 1862, to May 30, 1864.
WILLIAM E. MAPES, from May 31 to December 15, 1864.
THEODORE M. ROBERSON, from January 1 to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
HENRY GOWDY, from August 23, 1862, to May 11, 1863.
THOMAS TAFT, from July 20 to September 22, 1864.

Second Lieutenants:
JOHN R. HAYS, from August 23, 1862, to April 8, 1864.
SYLVSTER LAWSON, from March 19 to June 3, 1865.

Of Company I.

Captains:
LEANDER CLARK, from August 20, 1862, to May 13, 1863.
HENRY F. TRAVIS, from September 3, 1863, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
JOHN B. STANBROUGH, from August 20 to November 12, 1862.
ISAAC M. MARTIN, from December 30, 1862, to May 15, 1863.
WILLIAM B. VAN HOUTEN, from July 1 to September 17, 1863.
CHARLES STEWART, from October 18, 1863, to May 15, 1865.

Second Lieutenants:
ISAAC M. MARTIN, from September 5 to December 30, 1862.
MILNOR BROWN, from December 30, 1862, to July 2, 1863.
CHARLES STEWART, from July 2 to October 18, 1863.

Of Company K.

Captains:
WILLIAM A. JACKSON, from September 5, 1862, to June 18, 1864.
LEWIS S. WISNER, from July 14 to August 6, 1864.
ROBERT A. MALONE, from September 16, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

First Lieutenants:
JAMES H. ROOSA, from August 23, 1862, to March 7, 1863.
JAMES FINNIGAN, from March 7, 1863, to February 18, 1864.
LEWIS S. WISNER, from February 2 to July 14, 1864.
JOHN S. KING, from October 22, 1864, to February 4, 1865.

Second Lieutenants:
JAMES FINNIGAN, from September 5, 1962, to March 7, 1863.
LEWIS S. WISNER, from May 3, 1863, to February 2, 1864.
ROBERT A. MALONE, from August 13 to September 1864.
WOODWARD T. OGDEN, from November 15, 1864, to June 3, 1865.

Officers who were Commissioned or Appointed,
but did not Serve in the Grades Named.

WEYGANT, CHARLES H., as Colonel.
MURRAY, HENRY S., as Lieutenant-Colonel.
BENEDICT, JAMES W., as Major.
WEYGANT, WINES E., as Adjutant.
THOMPSON, JOHN H., as Surgeon.
HOUSTON, JOHN W., as Captain.
CRESSY, CHARLES T., as First Lieutenant.
HAYS, JOHN R., as First Lieutenant.
OGDEN, WOODWARD T., as First Lieutenant.
COLE, JOSHUA V., as Second Lieutenant.
DENTON, JACOB, as Second Lieutenant.
HOLBERT, EBENEZER, as Second Lieutenant.
SMITH, WILLIAM W., as Second Lieutenant.
QUICK, GEORGE T., as Conditional Second Lieutenant.

Medals of Honor Awarded by the President to

BRADLEY, THOMAS W., Sergeant, Company H, and Captain, Company B, for great gallantry at the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., May 3, 1863.
FREEMAN, ARCHIBALD, Private, Company E, for capture of the flag of the 17th La., at Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864.
HALLOCK, NATHAN M., Private, Company K, for great gallantry at the action at Bristoe Station, Va., June 15, 1863.
THOMPKINS, GEORGE W., Corporal, Company F, for the capture of the flag of the 59th Ala. near Watkins House, Petersburg, Va., March 25, 1965.
WISNER, LEWIS S., Captain, Company K, for great gallantry at the battle of Spotsylvania, Va., May 12, 1864.
[I have displayed the full text of the citation for each of the five Congressional Medals of Honor at the recipient's name in the regimental roster.]

Source: The above list of officers, list of Congressional Medal of Honor winners, etc., were copied from pages 3466-3469 of New York in the War of the Rebellion. Third Edition. Volume IV. Compiled by Frederick Phisterer. J.B. Lyon Company, State Printers, 1912.


Regimental Roster

Source: Annual Report of the Adjutant-General for the State of New York for the Year 1903. No. 36. Albany, NY: Oliver Quayle, 1904, pages 500-666.

Index to soldiers with surnames having initial letter:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

N.B. These rosters were digitized through the use of an OCR (Optical Character Recognition) program. As a result they are subject to the errors inherent in such a program. This includes, most notably, the failure to discriminate between similar symbols. I have made an effort to sort out the commas and the periods, but there are more subtle errors that can be determined only by a line-by-line comparison with the original. That type of checking I have not done. In most places where I suspect something may be wrong, I have placed "[?]." If you have encountered information that has been questioned and that is critical to your research, my suggestion (ALWAYS good advice) is to go back to the original. Although it is not particularly convenient for me, I can do lookups for anyone who does not have access to the AGO reports. Please do not make frivolous requests.


Additional Information

In Print:

  • Dyer, Frederick H. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Volume 2. Dayton, Ohio: Morningside, 1979.
    Page 1453 contains a concise summary of the regiment's service.
  • LaRocca, Charles J. "'Forward My Tulips!': The Daredevil Orange Blossoms at Chancellorsville." CW 48 (Dec 1994): pages 40-43 & 52-57.
  • LaRocca, Charles J. "'There Was No Such Thing as Fail'" The 'Orange Blossoms' at Spotsylvania." CW XII: pages 36-39, 42-43 & 46.
  • LaRocca, Charles J. This Regiment of Heroes: A Compilation of Primary Materials Pertaining to the 124th New York State Volunteers in the American Civil War. Montgomery, NY: By the Author, 1991. 255 pages.
  • LaRocca, Charles J. and Higgins, Katherine. "The 124th New York Volunteers, the Regiment of Heroes,' Carved an Enviable Reputation in the East." America's CW 1 (Jul 1988): pages 10 & 56-57.
  • Lash, Gary. "The March of the 124th New York to Gettysburg." Gettysburg Magazine 9 (Jul 1993): pages 5-16.
  • New York State. Adjutant-General's Office. Annual Report of the Adjutant-General's Office for the Year 1903. No. 36. Albany, NY: Oliver Quayle, 1904. pages 500-666. This book conatins an alphabetical roster of the regiment, the roster that is presented in this web page.
  • New York State. Monuments Commission for the Battlefields of Gettysburg and Chattanooga. Final Report on the Battlefield of Gettysburg. Vol. 2. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon, 1900.
    See pages 862-878 for a photo of the regimental monuments at the Gettysburg National Military Park and addresses delivered at their dedication.
  • "The Orange Blossom Regiment at Chancellorsville: An Account of Their Alleged Role in the Demise of 'Mighty Stonewall.'" Blue & Gray Magazine l (Jul l984): pages 25-27.
  • Phisterer, Frederick, compiler. New York in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Third Edition. Volume 4. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company, State Printer, 1912.
    Pages 3464-3477 contain a brief history of the regiment and a roster of officers. Most of the material on the 124th in this book has been reproduced in this web page. The exception is the individual records of the officers, appearing on pages 3469-3477.
  • Weygant, Charles H. History of the One Hundred Twenty-fourth Regiment of New York State Volunteers, Newburgh, New York: Jounal Print. House, 1877, 460 pages. There is a recent reprint of this book.
Online:
  • Another web page for the 124th, primarily a reenactors' page, but with much information about the historical regiment.
  • Yet another web page for the 124th, with full AGO roster, history, and more. (February 2006. This link appears to be dead. Does anyone have an update?)
  • A concise history of the regiment from Frederick H. Dyer's A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion.
  • USAMHI holdings Go to this site. Select "124inf.doc" and download an MSWord file of their holdings on the 124th.
  • Officers of the Regiment. To see a GIF image of the pages for the 124th from the 1868 N.Y.S. Adjutant General's Report, Register of Officers Commissioned in Volunteer Regiments from the State of New York, 1861-1865, go to this site and select the link to the 124th where it appears in the menu in the left frame.


Dedication 
of Gettysburg Monument
Members of the 124th at the dedication of the regiment's monument at Gettysburg,
September 5, 1892.



woosterk@cortland.edu
© Kenneth Jennings Wooster
All rights reserved.
27 Abdallah Avenue
Cortland, New York 13045-3302
File created: May 21, 2000.
File modified: May 21, 2000; June 15, 2000; July 24, 2000; January 1, 2001; January 12, 2002; February 1, 2003; October 18, 2003; February 10, 2006; July 21, 2009; Februay 7, 2013.

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